Timeline

May 8, 1945- World War II is over and Berlin is divided into 4 sectors: the American, British, French in the West and the Soviet in the East

June 30, 1946- At the instigation of the Soviet Military administration the demarcation line between East and West Germany is safeguarded

October 29, 1946- A 30 day valid Interzonenpass is required to travel between the sectors in Germany

June 23, 1948- Currency reform in Berlin, Berlin is divided into two different currency zones

June 24, 1948- Begin of the Berlin blockade

May 12, 1949- End of Berlin blockade

May 24, 1949- Federal Republic of Germany is founded (West Germany)

October 7, 1949- German Democratic Republic is founded (East Germany)

May 26, 1952- Border between East and West Germany and between East Germany and West Berlin is closed. Only the border between East and West Berlin is still opened

June 17, 1953- Uprising of East Berlin building workers against the imposition of increased working norms, suppression by Red Army tanks

November 14, 1953- The Western Powers waive the Interzonenpass, the Soviet Union follows but East German citizen need a permission to travel to the West

December 11, 1957- Leaving East Germany without permission is forbidden and violations are prosecuted with prison up to three years

August 13, 1961- The Berlin sectorial border between East and West Berlin is closed, barriers are built

August 14, 1961- Brandenburg Gate is closed

August 26, 1961- All crossing points are closed for West Berlin citizens

December 17, 1963- West Berliner citizen may visit East Berlin the first time after more than two years

June 12, 1987- President Ronald Reagan visits Berlin and urges Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.

September 10, 1989- Hungarian government opens border for East German refugees

November 9, 1989- Berlin Wall is opened

December 22, 1989- Brandenburg Gate is opened

October 3, 1990- Germany is reunited

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